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Cow Desiases

Cow Desiases

Some diseases are like this in infectious diseases. Who have no treatment. In such a situation, prevention is the best and only way to avoid treatment. The treatment of animals suffering from infectious diseases is also very expensive. Veterinary doctor is also not easily available in the village for treatment. Even if the animal suffering from these diseases is treated with treatment, they can survive. Even then, the quantity of their milk becomes very less. Due to which the farmers suffer more financial loss. Essential for the prevention of infectious diseases. That preventive vaccines should be administered every year in the animals within the stipulated time. Only then can these diseases be controlled. 

Infectious Diseases (Communicable Diseases)

Infectious diseases – Contagious diseases are spread from one cattle to many cattle. Farmers have experience that this contagious disease usually takes the form of an epidemic. Infectious diseases are often spread by viruses. But the paths of their spread are different in different diseases. For example, the virus of hoof disease keeps on falling from the saliva of sick animal. And cows enter the water and make it contaminated. Many animals fall prey to it through this gaut water. The bacteria of other infectious diseases also cause disease from one animal to many animals through cow water dead skin or water falling from sneeze. Therefore, if any infectious disease spreads in the village or the neighboring village, then the following measures are effective for the protection of cattle –

  • First of all, the information about the outbreak of the disease should be given to your livestock assistant or the animal husbandry officer of the block. They can make arrangements for its prevention and can also tell the preventive measures.
  • If the disease has spread in the neighboring village, then the movement of cattle or cattle herders from that village should be stopped.
  • Feeding of water to cattle in public ponds or feeds should be stopped.
  • Animals with this disease should be separated from other healthy animals.
  • Animals that have died of infectious diseases should not be thrown here and there. Such dead animals should be burnt. Or dig a pit of 5-6 feet and bury it (lawfully) with lime.
  • The place where the sick animal was kept or died should be washed thoroughly with phenyl solution. Or clean lime should be sprinkled there. to kill the bacteria or virus of the disease

cow desiases


Major Diseases of Animals - Prevention and Treatment

1. Foot and Mouth Disease

2. Choke (HS)

3. Guilty Disease (Anthrax)

4. Langdia disease (Black Quarter)

5. Rinderpest (Animal Plague)

6. Smallpox or Mother

7. Animal - Tuberculosis (TB)

8. Thanail

1. Foot and Mouth Disease

It is an infectious disease spread by viruses. Which occurs in all ruminant animals. This disease can happen to cow, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig and other animals at any time of the year. This disease spreads more in hybrid cows. The main symptoms of this disease are the presence of ulcers in the mouth, limping of the animal and constant salivation from the mouth, etc. It is also a fatal disease. If the sick animal is not treated promptly, it may even die. To prevent this disease, the animal should be vaccinated every six months. And in case of disease outbreak in the animal, the veterinarian should be contacted immediately.

2. Choke (HS)

This disease troubles cows and buffaloes more. Sheep and pigs also get this disease. Its outbreak occurs mostly in the rainy season.

Symptoms – Body temperature rises. And the animal becomes lethargic. The throat of the sick animal swells. Due to which there is difficulty in swallowing food. Therefore the animal stops eating and drinking. The animal also has a lot of difficulty in breathing. Some animals also have problems with constipation. And after that diarrhea also starts. The sick animal dies within 6 to 24 hours. Saliva falls from the mouth of the animal. 

Medicine – It is necessary to adopt all methods of prevention and prevention of infectious diseases. And get the sick animal treated immediately. It is beneficial to secure the cattle by installing the hinge of the preventive before the rainy season. The arrangement for its free vaccination has been made by the department.

3. Guilty Disease (Anthrax)

This is a very dangerous disease spread by bacteria. In the villages, this deadly disease is also known as splenic fever, apart from Guilty disease. Baaghi is also known by other names. In English language it is called anthrax. It is spread by a bacterium called Bacillus anthrax. This disease occurs in cow-buffalo, sheep, goat, horse etc. In healthy animals, this disease spreads through the grain - fodder, hair - wool, leather, breath and wounds of the sick animal.

The chances of survival of the animal in this disease are very less. Apart from cow buffalo, this disease also spreads in bullocks. The bacteria of this disease enter the animal's body through feed – water and wounds. And soon the blood (blood) spreads inside. And contaminate the blood. When this is destroyed, the animal dies. The bacteria of the disease come out of the body with urine, dung and bleeding of the animal and contaminate the fodder eaten. Due to which other healthy animals also get this disease. Therefore, these sick animals should be kept in the field outside the village. When the disease becomes severe, bleeding starts from the mouth, nose, ears, anus and vagina of the animal. The sick animal groans. And kicks his feet. In this state of illness, the animal can die. Keep in mind that the sick animal should never be vaccinated when it is sick. 

4. Langdia disease (Black Quarter)

This disease is also known in different regions by the names of langdi, sujka, poison etc. It is a contagious disease of cow and buffalo. This disease spreads mostly during the rainy season. In healthy animals, this disease is spread through the feed of the sick animal or the wound of the animal. 

Sudden high fever in the animal. Lameness in the legs, swelling in it, loss of appetite, constipation, gurgling sound somewhere under the skin, and milk oozing are the main symptoms of this disease. Vaccine vaccines should be administered annually to prevent this. Calves and calves should be vaccinated before the rainy season at the age of six months. This vaccine is given only till the age of 3 years. Veterinarian's help should be taken as soon as symptoms of the disease appear. Source: Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Government of India.

cow desiases


5. Rinderpest (Animal Plague)

This disease is known in the village by names like Pokani, Pakavedan, Paknimanta, Vedan etc. This disease occurs in all ruminant animals. The main symptoms of this disease are high fever, loss of appetite, decrease in milk production, ulcers under the tongue and on the gums. In this disease the eyes of the animal become red. And thick yellow colored mud starts flowing in them. Thin diarrhea mixed with blood and sometimes blisters also appear on the nose and vagina. Rinderpest is a type of viral disease. If any animal shows symptoms of this disease. So the vet should be contacted immediately. To prevent this disease, timely vaccination of animals is very important. 

6. Smallpox or Mother

It is also an infectious disease spread by viruses. Which usually occurs in cows and their progeny. Sometimes this disease has been seen in cows as well as in buffaloes. The mortality rate of the animal in this disease is low. But the efficiency and milk production of the animal is greatly reduced. This disease is also commonly transmitted from one animal to another. This disease is also spread from village to village by milking cowherds. To prevent this disease, once a year, a vaccine must be made in the month of November-December. 

7. Animal - Tuberculosis (TB)

To protect the health of human beings, there is a need to be very careful from this disease. Because this disease can also infect humans living in contact with animals or using milk. 

Symptoms - The animal becomes weak and lethargic. Sometimes blood comes out of the nose. There may also be a dry cough. Loss of interest in eating. And his lungs swell. 

Medical – Management should be made to prevent infectious diseases. When in doubt, after conducting an animal test. 

Make sure to keep it separate. It is advisable to send the sick cattle to the cow house as soon as possible. Because it is an incurable disease.

8. Thanail

This disease occurs in milch cattle due to two reasons. The first reason is injury to the udder or bite of the udder, infectious bacteria enter the udder. Due to the carelessness of the milker by tying the animal in a dirty marshy place, bacteria enter the udder. Irregular milking is also an invitation to toenail disease. Generally cow-buffalo giving more milk becomes its victim. 

Symptoms – The udder becomes hot and red, swelling in it, increased body temperature, loss of appetite, reduced milk production, change in color of milk and coagulation in milk are the special symptoms of this disease.

Medicine – Light and digestible diet should be given to the animal. The swollen place should be baked. Antibiotic medicine or ointment should be used in consultation with the veterinarian. Cattle affected by Thaneail should be milked last. 

cow desiases


Common Diseases of Cows

Apart from infectious diseases, there are many common diseases which reduce the productivity of animals. These diseases are not very dangerous, but if not treated on time, they can prove to be very dangerous. Common diseases symptoms and first aid. 

1. Afra

Due to the consumption of green and succulent fodder, wet fodder or pulse fodder in excess, the animal gets the disease of goosebumps. Especially, eating juicy fodder early and drinking it in large quantities causes this disease. Bachha – This disease can also occur due to the consumption of milk in excess. If the digestive power is weak, then the cattle are more prone to suffer from this disease.

Symptom

  • In this disease the stomach of the animal becomes swollen. Most of the patient animal's left abdomen bloats first. On thumping the stomach, a drum-like sound (Dhap-Dhap) comes out. The animal starts moaning. 
  • The animal has trouble breathing.
  • When the disease progresses, the animal stops feeding and feeding. And the anxiety increases.
  • In the acute stage of the disease, the animal repeatedly lies down and stands up.
  • Sometimes the animal is seen gasping with the tongue hanging out. And slams the back legs repeatedly.

Medical

  • Massage should be done by applying pressure on the left abdomen of the animal.
  • Pour cold water over the animal and apply cooking turpentine oil.
  • Make arrangements to keep your mouth open. For this, take the tongue out of the mouth and keep the seeds of the jaws clean and smooth wood.
  • In the initial stage of the disease, moving the animal here and there is also beneficial.
  • The animal can be fed turpentine oil by mixing half to one teak, six sixty of TC oil after consulting a veterinarian. After that, mixing two hundred grams of magsulf and two hundred grams of salt in a big bottle of water should be given as a laxative.
  • Things like Charcoal Powder, Old Mango Pickle, Black Salt, Ginger, Hing and Mustard can be fed to the animal after consultation with the veterinarian.
  • A little water can be given to the animal when it is healthy. But any kind of fodder cannot be fed.

2. Milk fever

Milk cow, buffalo or goat is affected by this disease. This disease makes its prey only to more milch animals. The symptoms of milk fever usually appear within 24 hours after delivery. 

Symptom

  • The animal becomes restless. The animal trembles and wobbles. The muscles begin to vibrate. Due to which the animal is unable to stand. 
  • Mouth becomes dry. Eyelids swayed - and the eyes appear dull.
  • The animal sits on the ground with the support of its chest. Turns the neck and body to one side. Most of the affected animals are seen in this condition.
  • In acute stage the animal becomes unconscious and falls. If not treated, some animal even dies within 24 hours.

Medical

  • Wipe the udder with a wet cloth and tie a clean cloth in it in such a way that soil does not stick in it.
  • Do not completely empty the udder for 2-3 days after recovery.
  • Give the animal a quick and easily digestible dose.

cow desiases


3. Diarrhea and Cramps

There are two reasons for this disease – sudden feeling of cold and the presence of germs in the stomach. In this there is inflammation in the intestine.

Symptom

  • The animal has thin and watery diarrhoea.
  • There is a twitch in the stomach.
  • Blood falls with the gooseberry.

Medical

  • In such a situation, easily digestible food like milk, boiled milk, anus of vine etc. should be fed.
  • Fodder water should be given less.
  • Bacha – Bacha should be allowed to drink less milk.

Nimoniya

Pneumonia occurs in cattle that are continuously soaked in water or kept in open spaces during winter. If animals with excessive hair are not wiped properly after washing, then they can also get this disease. 

Symptom

  • The body temperature rises and there is difficulty in breathing.
  • Water runs from the nose and appetite is also less. 
  • Yields decrease and the animal also becomes weak.

Medical

  • Sick cattle should be kept in a clean and warm place.
  • By adding turpentine oil to boiling water, the steam that rises from it is beneficial for animals to sniff.
  • Mustard oil mixed with camphor should be massaged in the animal's panjar.

Ghaav

Injuries to animals are common. Cattle get injured due to grazing barns and thorns, cutting from bushes or any other kind of injury. The bull gets a wound even if the plow is plowed. And the cultivation of farmers gets ruined. The rubbing of the tails on the shoulders of the bull also causes swelling and wounds.

Medical

  • The wound should be washed by mixing red potash or phenyl in tolerable hot water.
  • If there are insects in the wound, a bandage soaked in turpentine oil should be tied.
  • Washing the mouth wound with alum water, applying a solution of chhoya and boric acid is beneficial.
  • Mixing part of turpentine oil and a little camphor in coconut oil should be applied on the wounds of the body.

 

 

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