Scientific name: Bubalus bubalis
Mass: 300 – 550 kg (Adult)
Gestation period: 281 – 334 days
Population: 130 million
Buffalo are large members of the Bovidae family. There are two types of buffalo: the African or Cape buffalo and the Asian water buffalo. They are dark gray or black animals that look a lot like bulls. ... However, while bison are also bovines (a subfamily of bovids), they are in a different genus from true buffalo.
Identify the milch buffalo by its body and skin like this.The skin of a milch buffalo is very thin and its thighs are also thin.If the buffalo's tail has long bones or is hard.So that means it is not a buffalo giving much milk.Whose udders are far apart and its next udders should be small and the last ones big(Be about 18 to 21 centimeters).In buffalo, the thicker it looks like a pipe-like vein under the back abdomen, the more milk it will be.As the buffalo will continue to grow old. This thick vein-like pipe will keep getting thicker.
The best season to buy buffalo is in July and February.Because at this time good fodder is available.Due to which their growth is good.Buy the buffalo only after it has been about 15 days since its birth.Because by then all their filth has been cleaned up.And if there is any infection in their udders etc., then it is known by then.After delivering the baby, do not travel long distances for about 15 days.Because traveling for a long distance causes problems to the buffalo and can also increase any disease.Never buy an animal in a hurry.Most of the buffaloes are bought according to age and not on lactation basis.Because buffalo gives more milk and higher performance between 8 and 12 years.
Daily milk average: 15 to 19 litre
Cost: 55,000 to 135,000 INR
Other names: Delhi, Kundi, and Kali
The breeding tract of “Murrah” includes Hisar, Rohtak, Gurgaon and Jind district of Haryana and Delhi.Their eyes are black, active, and prominent in females, but slightly shrunken in males and should not be walled, the cornea should not have whiteness. Primarily demanded for increased milk production, these Murrah Buffaloes yield milk that is high on butterfat content.
Daily milk average: 2 to 3.95 litre
Cost: 40,000 to 105,000 INR
Other names: Bhadwari Etawah
Daily milk average: 20 to 24 litre
Cost: 50,000 to 70,000 INR
Other names: nothing
Jafarabadi buffalo is a riverine buffalo that originated in Gujarat, India .This breed is known for its ability to fight lions in Gir forest. The animals weigh up to 700 Kgs (average) and female animals may weigh 620 kgs (average). The animal have a big dome shaped forehead with flat, thick, downwardly curved horns. The bulge of forehead sometimes covers eyelids also. Horns exhibit wide variation, but usually emerge out by compressing the head, go downward sideways, then upward and inward finally forming a ring like structure.
Daily milk average: 5 to 7 litre
Cost: 60,000 to 100,000 INR
Other names: Surati, Gujarati, Nadiadi, Talabda, Charotar and Deccani
The breed is named after its place of origin. Coat colour varies from rusty brown through silver- grey to black.The Surti is a breed of water buffalo found in the Kaira and Vadodara districts of Gujarat between the Mahi and Sabarmati rivers.Shelter is necessary for animals to protect them from heavy rainfall, strong sunlight, snowfall, frost and parasites.
Height: Male: 135 cm: 69 ; Female: 125 cm: 69 ;
Daily milk average: 5 to 6.5 litre
Cost: 60,000 to 85,000 INR
colour: black or brown
Location : Bangladesh; China; India; Pakistan; Philippines; Sri Lanka; Brazil; Venezuela;
The Nili-Ravi is a breed of domestic water buffalo. It is distributed principally in Pakistan and India, and is concentrated in the Punjab region. It is similar to the Murrah breed of buffalo, and is reared mainly for dairy use.
Daily milk average: 3.5 to 4..2 litre
Cost: 85,000 to 150,000 INR
Other names: Berari, Gaorani, Puranthadi, Varhadi, Gaolavi, Arvi, Gaolaogan, Gangauri, Shahi and Chanda
The Nagpuri is a breed of water buffalo originating in Maharashtra, India. It stands better amongst the breeds of buffaloes which combine the milk and drought qualities in a better proportion in adverse climatic conditions. It is a River type buffalo. It is a central Indian breed.The Nagpuri buffalo has smaller and lighter body compared to other buffalo breeds found in north India. Their body color is generally black, but they have white patches on their face, legs and tail tips.
They have long horns which are flat and curved and bending backward on each side of the neck nearly up to the shoulders with tips pointed mostly in upward direction.
Their face is long and thin with a straight and thin profile. Their neck is longer with heavy brisket. The naval flap is short or almost absent. Their limbs are light and the tail is squat and short (tail slight reaching below hocks).
Daily milk average: 10 to 18 litre
Cost: 75,000 to 100,000 INR
Other names: Kutchi or Kundi
Banni buffalo, which are also known as "Kutchi" or "Kundi", is a breed of buffalo found primarily in the Kutch district of Gujarat, India.
Daily milk average: 13 to 16 litre
Cost: 40,000 to 50,000 INR
Other names: none
Daily milk average: 6.5 to 9 litre
Cost: 60,000 to 130,000 INR
Other names: none
Daily milk average: 1 to 2 litre
Cost: 14.000 to 22,000 INR
Other names: Malai Erumai or Malai Emmai
Bargur breed of buffalo is also known as “Malai Erumai or Malai Emmai”. Malai means hills; Erumai/Emmai means buffalo. Breeding tract is Erode district of Tamilnadu. This breed is mainly used for manure and milk.This breed of buffalo is maintained only on grazing in the forest area.
Kalahandi buffalo breed of orissa.Kalahandi buffalo breed, a distinct breed found in South Orissa State in India, has been studied. This paper describes the habitat, husbandry practices, physical conformation and performance of the breed.It is also known as “Deshi”. The breeding tract includes Kalahandi and Rayagada districts of Odisha. Coat colour ranges from blackish grey to grey.
Egyptian buffalo were originally from surrounding countries such as India, Iran, and Iraq. According to some, this happened around the 7th century. From then, buffaloes have become a vital part of the economy and household life. They have provided meat, milk, and leather for hundreds of years. Egyptian buffalo were originally from surrounding countries such as India, Iran, and Iraq. According to some, this happened around the 7th century. From then, buffaloes have become a vital part of the economy and household life. They have provided meat, milk, and leather for hundreds of years.
The Romanian Buffalo is a breed of water buffalo that evolved in Romania. They are known for their tasty milk used to make dairy products, as well as their sweet-tasting meat. Their population at present is decreasing. In 1996, the total number of buffalo counted to 209,432, which were raised in 86,480 herds. The total number of adult females was 97,320 while the number of adult males was 2510. With rapid decline, the number of female recorded in the herd book in 2003 was 275.Day by day, these buffalo are catching attention of the local families that are interested in manufacturing dairy products, especially feta and mozzarella cheese. The rich milk of the Romanian Buffalo contains a big quantity of protein and butterfat, apt for the production of cheese.
Higher classification: Domestic water buffalo
Use: Dairy, meat; formerly draught
Weight: Male: average 500–600 kg; up to 800 kg; Female: average 300–450 kg; up to 650 kg
Distribution: throughout Italy, principally Campania
Other names: Bufala Mediterranea Italiana
The Italian Mediterranean Buffalo (Italian: Bufala Mediterranea Italiana) is an Italian breed of water buffalo. It is of the River sub-type of water buffalo and is similar to the buffalo breeds of Hungary, Romania and the Balkan countries. It is the only indigenous water buffalo breed in Italy. A herd-book was opened in 1980, and the breed was officially recognised in 2000.
Use: Agriculture; draught; riding; hide; meat
Weight: Male: 420–500 kg; Female: 400–425 kg
Scientific name: Bubalus bubalis carabanesis
Higher classification: Domestic water buffalo
Height: Male: 127–137 cm; Female: 124–129 cm
Coat: light grey to slate-grey, albin
The carabao (Spanish: Carabao; Tagalog: Kalabaw; Cebuano: Kabaw) is a domestic swamp-type water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) native to the Philippines.Carabaos were introduced to Guam from the Spanish Philippines in the 17th century. They have acquired great cultural significance to the Chamorro people and are considered the unofficial national animal of Guam. In Malaysia, carabaos (known as kerbau in Malay) are the official animal of the state of Negeri Sembilan.
|Anatolian buffalo||Turkey: the Marmara and Black Sea regions, and South Turkey|
|Australian buffalo||Australia's Northern Territory|
|Azari||Azerbaijan, NW Iran|
|Azi Kheli||NW Pakistan: the Swat valley|
|Baio||N Brazil: Marajó|
(= local or native)
|Bangladeshi, albinoid of the central part of the country||Bangladesh|
|Bangladeshi, albinoid of the western part of the country||Bangladesh|
|Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the central part||Bangladesh|
|Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the eastern part||Bangladesh|
|Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the southern part||Bangladesh|
|Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the western part||Bangladesh|
|Banni||W India: the Kachchh (Kutch) region of Gujarat|
|Beheri||Egypt: Beheira Province|
|Bhadawari||India: Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh|
|Búfalo de Pantano||Cuba|
|Búfalo de Rio||Cuba|
|Buffalypso||Trinidad and Tobago|
|Burmese wild buffalo||Myanmar|
|Caucasian||Georgia, the Russian Federation|
|Georgian buffalo||Georgia, the Russian Federation|
|Iranian and Iraqi||Iran and Iraq|
|Iranian||Iranian and Iraqi|
|Indonesian wild buffalo||Indonesia|
|Iranian Azari ecotype||Azari|
|Kundi||E Pakistan: N Sindh|
|Mediterranean||the Mediterranean region|
|Minufi||Egypt: the southern and central parts of the Nile Delta|
|Myanmar swamp buffalo||Burmese|
|Nepalese hill buffalo||Nepal|
|Nepalese mountain buffalo||Nepal|
|Nili||E Pakistan, N India|
|NiliRavi||E Pakistan, N India|
|Papua New Guinea buffalo||Papua New Guinea|
|Ravi||E Pakistan, N India|
|Surti||India, Sri Lanka|
|Tarai buffalo||India, Nepal|